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In the 18th century (1700-1799) the population of Hungerford nearly doubled, from just over 1,000 to around 2,000 (see Population and Censuses).

In the 17th century, the largest group of workers (43%) [other than farm workers] were involved in the cloth trade. By the 18th century, this was changing, and an increasing number of more specialised skills and trades were developing. The following summary was produced by Julie Shuttleworth from wills and other accounts:

- 1680-1700 mason, currier, butcher, glazier, labourer, tanner.
- 1701-1720 taylor, clothworker, weaver, malster (2), saddler, blacksmith, vintner, painter, fellmonger, mercer, woolcomber
- 1721-1740 baker, collarmaker (2), mason, saddler, wheelwright, grocer, collarmaker, tallow chandler
- 1741-1760 collarmaker, basketmaker, butcher, baker, innholder (2), schoolmaster, saddler, joiner, tanner, pedlar/chapman
- 1761-1780 innholder, glover, malster, victualler (2), wheelwright, hatter, corn chandler
- 1781-1800 staymaker, mercer, dealer in china, cabinet maker, miller, victualler.

For a more complete list of individual named traders, see Named Traders in 18th Century Hungerford.

Inhabitants of Hungerford and their trades, 1795:

A transcribed list of the inhabitants and many of their occupations and trades, transcribed by Eileen Bunt. See Inhabitants of Hungerford and their trades, 1795.

Berkshire Directory, 1796

A fairly comprehensive list of trades and traders was published in the Berkshire Directory, 1796

See also:

- Trades & Occupations in 16th Century Hungerford

- Trades & Occupations in 17th Century Hungerford

- Trades & Occupations in 18th Century Hungerford

- Trades & Occupations in 19th Century Hungerford

- Trade & Industry in 20th Century Hungeford

- Trade Directories

- Trades and Occupations in Elizabethan Hungerford

- Constables Accounts

- Probate Inventories

- Population and Censuses

- 1841 Census for High Street Hungerford (East and West), listing Heads of Households (but omitting the many "Agricultural labourers"!):

- 1851 Census - Occupation of the People (photocopy of Hungerford and other towns)

- 1851 Census - Occupation of the People - All Males (Transcription)

- 1851 Census - Occupation of the People - Males (Transcription, sorted by frequency)

- 1851 Census - Occupation of the People - All Females (Transcription)

- 1851 Census - Occupation of the People - Females (Transcription, sorted by frequency)